Breaking Down Epilepsy: Understanding the Causes, Treatment Options and Common Misconceptions.

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Epilepsy is a medical condition that affects approximately one percent of the world’s population. The disease can be genetic, but it can also be caused by head injuries, brain tumors, or drug and alcohol use. While the cause of epileptic seizures is not always clear, treatment aims to prevent electrical disturbances and reduce the risk of recurrent seizures.

Half of epilepsy patients respond well to drug treatment and can live almost seizure-free lives with decreasing medication over time. However, 30% require more complex treatment and 20% are resistant to drugs and may need surgery. Some patients may even be able to stop medication if they remain seizure-free for at least four years.

Seizures can be caused by temporary conditions like drug exposure or abnormal blood levels, which can be resolved without recurrence of seizures. However, conditions like head injury, stroke, tumors, birth defects, and metabolic diseases can lead to recurrent seizures. Despite being a lifelong condition, modern drug treatments allow most epilepsy patients to lead normal lives with decreasing medication over time.

Diagnosis of epilepsy involves an electroencephalograph (EEG) test, which records brain waves over time to identify abnormalities that may require drug treatment. Other content listed in the article are unrelated to epilepsy and include top 10 lists for cleaning products, children’s pillows, juicers, air mattresses

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